warning参数验证功能是基于 JSR303 实现的,用户只需标识JSR303标准的验证Annotation,并通过声明filter来实现验证。

warning2.1.0以上版本支持, 完整示例代码参见:https://github.com/alibaba/dubbo/tree/master/dubbo-test/dubbo-test-examples/src/main/java/com/alibaba/dubbo/examples/validation

验证方式可扩展,参见:验证扩展

参数标注示例

import java.io.Serializable;
import java.util.Date;

import javax.validation.constraints.Future;
import javax.validation.constraints.Max;
import javax.validation.constraints.Min;
import javax.validation.constraints.NotNull;
import javax.validation.constraints.Past;
import javax.validation.constraints.Pattern;
import javax.validation.constraints.Size;

public class ValidationParameter implements Serializable {

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 7158911668568000392L;

    @NotNull // 不允许为空
    @Size(min = 1, max = 20) // 长度或大小范围
    private String name;

    @NotNull(groups = ValidationService.Save.class) // 保存时不允许为空,更新时允许为空 ,表示不更新该字段
    @Pattern(regexp = "^\\s*\\w+(?:\\.{0,1}[\\w-]+)*@[a-zA-Z0-9]+(?:[-.][a-zA-Z0-9]+)*\\.[a-zA-Z]+\\s*$")
    private String email;

    @Min(18) // 最小值
    @Max(100) // 最大值
    private int age;

    @Past // 必须为一个过去的时间
    private Date loginDate;

    @Future // 必须为一个未来的时间
    private Date expiryDate;

    public String getName() {
        return name;
    }

    public void setName(String name) {
        this.name = name;
    }

    public String getEmail() {
        return email;
    }

    public void setEmail(String email) {
        this.email = email;
    }

    public int getAge() {
        return age;
    }

    public void setAge(int age) {
        this.age = age;
    }

    public Date getLoginDate() {
        return loginDate;
    }

    public void setLoginDate(Date loginDate) {
        this.loginDate = loginDate;
    }

    public Date getExpiryDate() {
        return expiryDate;
    }

    public void setExpiryDate(Date expiryDate) {
        this.expiryDate = expiryDate;
    }

}
分组验证示例
public interface ValidationService { // 缺省可按服务接口区分验证场景,如:@NotNull(groups = ValidationService.class)

    @interface Save{} // 与方法同名接口,首字母大写,用于区分验证场景,如:@NotNull(groups = ValidationService.Save.class),可选
    void save(ValidationParameter parameter);
    void update(ValidationParameter parameter);
}
关联验证示例
import javax.validation.GroupSequence;

public interface ValidationService {

    @GroupSequence(Update.class) // 同时验证Update组规则
    @interface Save{}
    void save(ValidationParameter parameter);

    @interface Update{} 
    void update(ValidationParameter parameter);
}
参数验证示例
import javax.validation.constraints.Min;
import javax.validation.constraints.NotNull;

public interface ValidationService {

    void save(@NotNull ValidationParameter parameter); // 验证参数不为空

    void delete(@Min(1) int id); // 直接对基本类型参数验证
}
在客户端验证参数
<dubbo:reference id="validationService" interface="com.alibaba.dubbo.examples.validation.api.ValidationService" validation="true" />
在服务器端验证参数
<dubbo:service interface="com.alibaba.dubbo.examples.validation.api.ValidationService" ref="validationService" validation="true" />
验证异常信息
import javax.validation.ConstraintViolationException;
import javax.validation.ConstraintViolationException;

import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

import com.alibaba.dubbo.examples.validation.api.ValidationParameter;
import com.alibaba.dubbo.examples.validation.api.ValidationService;
import com.alibaba.dubbo.rpc.RpcException;

public class ValidationConsumer {

    public static void main(String[] args) throws Exception {
        String config = ValidationConsumer.class.getPackage().getName().replace('.', '/') + "/validation-consumer.xml";
        ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext(config);
        context.start();
        ValidationService validationService = (ValidationService)context.getBean("validationService");
        // Error
        try {
            parameter = new ValidationParameter();
            validationService.save(parameter);
            System.out.println("Validation ERROR");
        } catch (RpcException e) { // 抛出的是RpcException
            ConstraintViolationException ve = (ConstraintViolationException) e.getCause(); // 里面嵌了一个ConstraintViolationException
            Set<ConstraintViolation<?>> violations = ve.getConstraintViolations(); // 可以拿到一个验证错误详细信息的集合
            System.out.println(violations);
        }
    } 
}
需要加入依赖
<dependency>
    <groupId>javax.validation</groupId>
    <artifactId>validation-api</artifactId>
    <version>1.0.0.GA</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.hibernate</groupId>
    <artifactId>hibernate-validator</artifactId>
    <version>4.2.0.Final</version>
</dependency>

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