warning参数回调方式与调用本地callback或listener相同,只需要在Spring的配置文件中声明哪个参数是callback类型即可,Dubbo将基于长连接生成反向代理,这样就可以从服务器端调用客户端逻辑。

warning2.0.6及其以上版本支持

代码参见:https://github.com/alibaba/dubbo/tree/master/dubbo-test/dubbo-test-examples/src/main/java/com/alibaba/dubbo/examples/callback

(1) 共享服务接口

服务接口示例

CallbackService.java

package com.callback;

public interface CallbackService {
    void addListener(String key, CallbackListener listener);
}

CallbackListener.java

package com.callback;

public interface CallbackListener {
    void changed(String msg);
}
(2) 服务提供者

服务提供者接口实现示例

CallbackServiceImpl.java

package com.callback.impl;

import java.text.SimpleDateFormat;
import java.util.Date;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.concurrent.ConcurrentHashMap;

import com.callback.CallbackListener;
import com.callback.CallbackService;

public class CallbackServiceImpl implements CallbackService {

    private final Map<String, CallbackListener> listeners = new ConcurrentHashMap<String, CallbackListener>();

    public CallbackServiceImpl() {
        Thread t = new Thread(new Runnable() {
            public void run() {
                while(true) {
                    try {
                        for(Map.Entry<String, CallbackListener> entry : listeners.entrySet()){
                           try {
                               entry.getValue().changed(getChanged(entry.getKey()));
                           } catch (Throwable t) {
                               listeners.remove(entry.getKey());
                           }
                        }
                        Thread.sleep(5000); // 定时触发变更通知
                    } catch (Throwable t) { // 防御容错
                        t.printStackTrace();
                    }
                }
            }
        });
        t.setDaemon(true);
        t.start();
    }

    public void addListener(String key, CallbackListener listener) {
        listeners.put(key, listener);
        listener.changed(getChanged(key)); // 发送变更通知
    }

    private String getChanged(String key) {
        return "Changed: " + new SimpleDateFormat("yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss").format(new Date());
    }
}

服务提供者配置示例

<bean id="callbackService" class="com.callback.impl.CallbackServiceImpl" />
<dubbo:service interface="com.callback.CallbackService" ref="callbackService" connections="1" callbacks="1000">
    <dubbo:method name="addListener">
        <dubbo:argument index="1" callback="true" />
        <!--也可以通过指定类型的方式-->
        <!--<dubbo:argument type="com.demo.CallbackListener" callback="true" />-->
    </dubbo:method>
</dubbo:service>
(3) 服务消费者

服务消费者配置示例

consumer.xml

<dubbo:reference id="callbackService" interface="com.callback.CallbackService" />

服务消费者调用示例

CallbackServiceTest.java

ClassPathXmlApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("classpath:consumer.xml");
context.start();

CallbackService callbackService = (CallbackService) context.getBean("callbackService");

callbackService.addListener("http://10.20.160.198/wiki/display/dubbo/foo.bar", new CallbackListener(){
    public void changed(String msg) {
        System.out.println("callback1:" + msg);
    }
});

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